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What is Slacklining and their history

What exactly is Slacklining?
Slacken (Slacklinen, Slacklining) is a new trend sport similar to tightrope walking, where one is balancing on a hose or belt strap, between the two attachment points such as, for example, two trees will be strained.

In contrast to balancing on the tightrope, where the rope is stretched so tight that it barely moves, stretches a slackline under the weight of the lacquer liner. The slackline behaves unlike very dynamic and requires a constant balancing their active self-motion. The requirements of the Slackers at the athletes are a combination of balance, concentration and coordination. Due to these properties is the slackline well as additional training for sports such as climbing, skiing, martial arts, horse riding, vaulting and other sports that require a good sense of balance.

History of Slacklining
While the tight-rope walking in the circus has a very long tradition, which is a fairly young sport Slacker. It evolved in the early 80s from a pastime for the climbers in Yosemite National Park. This balance has been distributed to the 60's the time to rest and days of rain so on ropes to cordon and parking places. Adam Grosowsky and Jeff Ellington were the first who came up with the idea to use their climbing equipment for it and brought it the slack in the camp of climbers in the Valley, from where it was from about the turn of the millennium to other climbing areas, and finally outside the Climbing sport spread.

In Europe, the photographer and climber Heinz Zak is a pioneer.

Regardless of the '70s and '80s rock climbers in Europe have also strained balance on ropes. Furthermore, also used the ski racer Ingemar Stenmark of Sweden, and Bode Miller of the United States a taut rope or tape in order to balance the training of balance to it. These developments, however, remained limited to a very narrow group of people and were able to establish itself as neither form nor disseminate training as a separate sport.

Similar to Schlappseil, which is known from the circus, the balance is achieved not with the upper body, but with the legs. Slight lateral oscillating movements to keep the slackliners in equilibrium. Slacken has therefore independently reinvented in fact and is in the basic idea is nothing new. Although reluctant to be seen as slackliners artists, some Artverwandtschaft can not be denied, only the context of the scene creates a major difference. Slacken comes from rock climbing and has remained largely there. While the artistry balance on the most Schlappseil as a basis or an additional component for an artistic point is to be presented before an audience that operate slackliners their sport rather than an end in itself and for itself, the experiments of tricks especially the end, to find out what is possible. Schlappseil typical exercises, such as hand and headstand, unicycling and juggling is not something taboo in Slacklinen disciplines, yet understand the slackliners as a separate group.


Slackline Disciplines
Currently, it gives five types of Slackline Disciplines:

Tricklining/Lowlining
Tricklining is the most common type of slacklining because it can be set up from almost any two secure points. Tricklining is done low to the ground, and it is also often called "lowlining." A great number of tricks can be done on the line, and because the sport is fairly new, there is plenty of room for new tricks. Some of the basic tricks done today are: standing, stand start, walking, walking backwards, turns, drop knee, opposite turn around, bounce walk. Some of the intermediate tricks are: moonwalk, throwing a disc around with someone from line-to-line, sit start, Buddha sit, mantle start, sitting down, lying down, jump start, cross legged knee drop, surfing forward, surfing sideways, and jump turns, or "180s."

Some of the advanced/expert tricks are: backflip landing on the line, jumps referred to as "ollies", tree plants, front flip dismount, back flip dismount, doing push-ups, tandem walking, the tandem pass, piggy-back rides across the line, and jumping from line-to-line, 360's. Also see the tight rope sub-category of "freestyle-slacklining", aka "rodeo-slacklining."

Long Lines
This attempts counter a possible long line of fixed-point to fixed point. The difficulties lie in several areas:
- The weight of the line requires a very peaceful walk. It is getting very hard to calm the line, once it is beginning to vibrate.
- The ability to concentrate is placed on a permanent strain.
- Clamping mechanism and restores must be built by professionals, because extremely high forces occur that can result in incorrect material or structure to material failure.

Rodeo or freestyle Lines
Such lines are not fixed but are stretched more or less "hung limp. Due to the sagging the commission of such lines is much more difficult and more serious crashes can happen. The tricks on these lines usually are limited to walking, turning, lateral standing and surfing, with the latter corresponds more to a slow, controlled swing. Rodeo lines are a good workout for Long Lines, as are held in both cases the line very calm under the focal point of the liner must Slack. This is also a great similarity between the Schlappseil.

Highlining
Highlining is slacklining at large distances above the ground or water. They are commonly set-up in locations that have, or are still used for Tyrolean traverse. When rigging highlines, experienced slackers take measures to ensure that solid, redundant and equalized anchors are used to secure the line into position. The line itself is often threaded. This means that 9/16" webbing is threaded through the hollow core of the normal 1" webbing. Highliners may further ensure security by doubling the line and even running a climbing rope along the bottom of the line(s). It is also common to pad all areas of the rigging which might come in contact with abrasive surfaces. To ensure safety, most highliners wear a climbing harness or swami belt with a leash attached to the slackline itself; however, unleashed walks of highlines are not unheard of.

Lines of water (Water Lines)
A variant of the game is about to commit a water line taut. Due to the lack of solid ground as a way to dismount, as well as an optical fixed point is the celebration of such a line is generally much more difficult than initially on solid ground. But after a certain phase of the exercise you can use well-water lines to special tricks such as jumping somersaults without risk of injury during landing practice, but also falls into the water but are not always painless.

In the choice of the square next to stable fixed points should also be given to a suitable ground waters of round gravel, sand or mud to minimize the risk of injury in falls. For normal walking a water depth of about 1.40 m is sufficient, in the jumps, it should be a lot more, so that the slackliners landing does not hit the bottom. In addition, make sure that the surface near the shore as abruptly stops in order to prevent the slackliners with falls near the shore can hurt by a lack of water. If that is not given slackliners how others can serve as a spotter when bouldering or committing with the help of a pole, rope, or allow branch's like, that he can balance safely out of danger.
A difference in the commission is also available between standing and flowing waters, as the water movement also distracts and distorts of balance.


New trends in the slackline scene are:

Jumplines
Since 2007, a further trend prevailed, the "jumping" on the slackline. There are special Jumplines (Gibbon Slacklines) available on the market. In this application, the line taut as possible slackline is used, while distances are rarely exceed 15 meters. The "Slack Jumper" perform 180 ° and 360 ° rotations, and Vorwärtssalti backflip and landing on the slackline, somersaults from the line on the floor over his shoulder. Likewise slackline park and it is drawn from line to line gejumpt. The line is not higher than hip level while tense.

Slackline & Skating
The latest slackline movement has formed on the basis of the skate scene. This took the Slacklines as a substitute for disassembled road railings and benches. The skaters' grind over the strained Slacklines and then switch back over to other stunt elements.

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